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Woody's FAIRBANKS AND COLE  Friction Tuning Peg  Page
I am looking for a source for actual-era replacement pegs for 
my grandfather's 1885 Fairbanks and Cole five-string banjo
If you know of a source or someone that could make them, 
please
CLICK HERE to email me (Woody).

Click on a picture to enlarge it for a closer view - The bigger your window, the bigger the picture

     

Click on a picture to enlarge it for a closer view - The bigger your window, the bigger the picture

I am not 100% sure but I believe these to be made from prehistoric ivory 
although there is a chance they could have been made of bone.
If you know of a source or someone that could make them, 
please
CLICK HERE to email me (Woody).

From a webpage at: 
http://nautarch.tamu.edu/crl/conservationmanual/File3.htm
Approximately 70 percent of bone and ivory is made up of an inorganic lattice composed of calcium phosphate and various carbonates and fluorides. 
The organic tissue of both bone and ivory is ossein and it constitutes at least 30 percent of the total weight of the material. 
It is often difficult to distinguish between bone and ivory unless the material is examined microscopically. 
Bone is coarse grained with characteristic lacunae or voids; ivory is a hard, dense tissue with lenticular areas. 
Both bone and ivory are easily warped by heat and moisture and are decomposed by prolonged exposure to water.

In archaeological sites, ossein is decomposed by hydrolysis, and the inorganic framework is disintegrated by acids. 
In waterlogged sites, bone and ivory can be reduced to a sponge-like material; in arid sites, they become dry, brittle, and fragmented. 
In some circumstances, bone and ivory can become fossilized as the ossein is replaced by silica and mineral salts. 
Archaeological bone and ivory can only be cleaned, strengthened, and stabilized; satisfactory restoration is often impossible.

 

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